What can I do?
Thank you so much for wanting to learn more about Go Gold Day, and about childhood cancer. It can be difficult to talk to your children about the reality that their friends or family members can get serious illnesses. It is our natural instinct as parents to protect our children from pain and fear, but it’s important to empower them with knowledge, and ways to affect change.
Here are some tips from the American Cancer Society for how to talk to your children about cancer:
Telling a Child Someone They Love Has Cancer
Children will likely be upset when they learn that a family member or someone they know has cancer. When the person with cancer is a sibling, the child might feel even more stress and anxiety. Some parents might want to protect their children from fear, or they might be afraid that their children will worry more if they are told. Children can usually see that others are acting differently and sense that something is wrong. If they think something important is being kept from them, they might feel confused and afraid. Some kids will even look for ways to listen without being noticed. When they overhear these conversations, they might worry more, and even feel more confused and afraid.
Be honest and open
It is important to be honest and open with children. If they think something important is being kept from them, children might feel confused and afraid. Some kids will even look for ways to listen without being noticed and what they overhear might make them worry more.
Use words they will understand
Children need to know enough to be prepared for what’s about to happen and how it will affect them. Younger children usually need less detail than older kids. However, if it is someone in the family, most kids of all ages need to know these basics:
- The type of cancer (for example, colon cancer or lymphoma)
- Where the cancer is in the body
- What will happen with treatment?
- How treatment might change how the person looks and feels
- How their lives are expected to be changed by the cancer and its treatment
Find a balance between too much information and too little
How much children are told depends on things like the child’s age, personality, and ability to understand the information without being overwhelmed. The goal is to tell the truth in such a way that children can understand and prepare themselves for the changes that will happen. Consider using a children or teen’s book about cancer to guide discussion. It might be helpful to give children information in little bits and periodically check in with them to see if they understand the information or have any questions.
Explain cancer is a serious illness
When telling a child that a someone they love has cancer, it is important to talk about the difference between being sick with a non-serious illness (like the common cold or a headache) and a serious disease which could be incurable and lead to death (like cancer). It is important to give them information about the cancer and what to expect in a way that is appropriate for their ages.
Let them ask questions and express their feelings
Speaking truthfully builds trust and gives the child a chance to adjust to changes. Telling the truth is especially important with teens. Levels of anxiety in children who are told about a loved one’s cancer diagnosis have been found to be lower than in those who are not told. It is also important to give children space and time to ask questions and express their feelings. This will help them understand what’s going on and help them worry less.
First, set up a quiet time when you won’t be disturbed. You might talk to each child alone so that information can be tailored to each child’s age and understanding. Be sure you have time to answer questions and let your child express their feelings.
Choose a time when you are feeling calm to talk to children. If you are feeling upset or unsure about what to say, it might be better to wait until your emotions are a bit more controlled. You might want to write down what you think you want to say before you talk with each child.
- Think about what you want to say and how to answer questions on a level each child can understand, but in a serious and thoughtful way.
- Children are perceptive. They may have noted changes in you and suspect something is wrong. They may have pieces of information, so it is important to ask the child what they know about the loved one’s illness to help see what they understand.
- It is also helpful to ask the child if they have ever heard of or known anyone else who has had cancer. If the person the child knew with cancer had a different experience or result of cancer treatment, explain this experience might be different.
- For all children, especially younger ones, it is best to give out information in small doses and periodically ask them if they have questions, and then answer the questions.
- If you are unsure about treatment outcome (prognosis), telling the child in stages may be helpful. The first stage could cover telling the child about the cancer and the planned treatment. During this talk, the child could be told “we are not sure how well this treatment will work, but we will let you know how it is going.”
- Think of possible questions they may ask ahead of time, and you will be less likely to be caught off guard. When questions arise, answer them honestly, but don’t feel like you must have all the answers right away. Try to lay the groundwork for an open line of communication with the child—a way for the child to come to you with their concerns, needs, and fears. Assure them they will not upset you by asking questions.
Remind your children that by taking part in Go Gold Day, learning about childhood cancer, and making a difference by spreading awareness and raising money, they are helping advance research that will advance treatment. Empower children and watch what happens! KID POWER!